The International Federation for Human Rights says 2022 has been the most deadly year so far for people caught up in a decade-long conflict in central Mali.
In a new report, it blamed all sides for the violence, including self-defence groups, jihadists, the Malian army and Russian mercenaries.
It said civilians in the Segou and Mopti regions were experiencing a ‘living hell’, enduring summary executions, sexual violence and forced recruitment.
There have been two coups in Mali in the past two years. A jihadist insurgency is intensifying across the Sahel and starting to threaten countries in the Gulf of Guinea.